How to manage arthritis at old age?

How to manage arthritis at old age?

Arthritis is one of the most common diseases affecting the seniors. The likelihood of developing this disease increases as one advances in age. According to some sources, arthritis affects 49.7 per cent of all adults that are over 65 and can cause a painful life to the elderly ones. Arthritis is an inflammation of the joint and can affect one or more joints. There are different types of arthritis but the most common ones are:

  • Osteoarthritis

This is the most common form of arthritis in the elderly ones. It occurs when the bone cartilages begin to wear and tear away. Cartilages serve as bone pads in the joint, when they start wearing away, you can imagine the pain that comes with it. There is no direct cause for this type of arthritis and pain can range from stiffness to pain when doing minor tasks or activities like walking, bending or even when sleeping.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

It is an autoimmune disease. In this case, the body’s immune system sees the lining of the joints as a foreign body and attacks it. The pain experienced comes from inflammation of the joints. It is more common in women and its occurrence in the body is usually bilateral

It is considered the most painful type of arthritis. It occurs when uric acid is formed and accumulated in the joint cavities leading to pain, swelling and heat in the joint.

Treatments for arthritis

When you are in pain, you hardly believe you can live your life like any other normal person, free of discomfort. This is what it might look like for arthritic pain but with certain treatment, patient’s health could be improved.

  • Use of analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs- Analgesics such as acetaminophen, aspirin and ibuprofen are quite useful for easing pain and inflammation. Anti-rheumatic drugs may also be prescribed to reduce or slow down the health damage.
  • Corticosteroids- are powerful anti-inflammatory medications which can be taken either orally or injected into the joint.
  • Hyaluronic acid- is a naturally occurring acid and can be injected into the joint to serve as both lubricant and shock absorber.
  • Exercising daily- Aside from other health benefits of exercising, it is another way of preventing and treating joint pain and stiffness. Anything that keeps you moving constantly can help combat this health challenge.
  • Supportive devices- using supportive devices such as canes, walkers, unloader brace and rolling walkers can help improve arthritic conditions.
  • Applying heat or cold surfaces- placing ice or soaking in warm water can help treat the affected area.
  • Resting- while it is good to move about and exercise often, getting a good rest is highly recommended.
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